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Water Conservation & Management
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Solution to the problem lies in the management of valuable resource water by creating better understanding among the people. Keeping in mind following principles for efficient management of water :

  • To create awareness among the community and to motivate them in all activities concerning water conservation and better participatory management of resources and to involve the community in every phase of planning and management.

  • Stop usage of treated water for gardening, washing vehicles, toilets and washbasin

  • Registration of all water extraction points like tube wells, bore wells.

  • Checking concentration of water extraction  points to prevent drying up of underground aquifers.

  • Prevent pollution of water bodies as once  it is ruined it takes years and years for replenishment.

  • Immediate repairing of water supply pipelines to prevent wastage of water.

This is just a beginning and we have a long way to go to ensure sufficient water for even man residing in the remotest corner of the state. Every region of the country has its own stresses on water supply. We can mitigate drought by carefully balancing the demand with supply. The basic fact is that till water incurs no expense on the consumer till then there will be wastage of this precious resource. Development and  management of water resources, a uniform prescription for entire state will not work, the approach has to be area specific and involving local people.

Principle - 1 : Storage of Water for direct use
Method-1 :- Rooftop Harvesting
This technique is the most popular and is in use since time immemorial. In this rainwater accumulated on the roof of the house is transferred to a box or a tank through a bamboo or a pipe. This storage could be in the basement of the house or outside it. Generally water of brick houses is stored in this manner as it is comparatively free from pollution generated by bacteria and other metallic pollution generated by bacteria and other metallic pollutants. To prevent entry of leaves, pebbles, and other small solid waste in to the tanks, a filter should be fitted to the mouth of pipe, besides  the point from where the water enters the storage tank. Provision should made for sand filter also, even if the water is to be used for domestic chores. Arrangement should be made for immediate withdrawal of water in case of overflow in the tank; in this regard it could be linked to main drainage line. It is believed that quantity of pollutants is comparatively higher in the first shower so it should be ensured that water could be done by fitting in a valve. The storage capacity of the tank should be in accordance to the average annual rainfall, demand for water and area of the watershed catchment.

To ensure water quality it should be confirmed that no poisonous substance had been used in the construction of roof of the house, the roof should be solid and smooth with no application of paint as it is poisonous and with time paint falls. There should be no trees or its branches covering  the roof. Water from other sources should be linked with the tank only after examining the quality of water. The maintenance of this technique is very economical, it only requires regular cleaning of the tank before the commencement of rainfall. Besides replacement of damaged filters and other devices used. If use has been made of tap or hand pump in the water harvesting system, Then they should also be examined regularly.

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