Drinking Water supply System in Rajasthan
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Efforts

  • To provide safe drinking in quality-affected villages, the State Government has sanctioned various projects. 34 schemes costing Rs. 174.51 crore have been sanctioned to provide safe drinking water in 1067 fluoride affected villages/habitations. Up to December 2000, 225 villages/habitations have been benefitted. Similarly 53 water supply schemes under Rajeev Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission costing Rs. 347.85 crore have been sanctioned for 1916 villages/habitation affected by salinity. 289 villages/habitations have so far benefitted. A State Fluoride Control Cell has also been constituted for the fluoride mitigation.
  • In view of the continuous depletion in the ground water and deterioration of water quality, the department has sanctioned various projects costing Rs. 1868.67 crore based on surface water sources.
  • With the assistance of Government of Germany (KfW), a project costing Rs. 399.27 crore (revised) has been in execution, which will provide safe drinking water in 378 villages and two towns (Sardar Sahar and Taranagar) of Churu and Hanumangarh districts. 106 villages have been benefited upto December, 2000. The water distribution in these villages is with water and health committee and they are responsible for its use and payment.
  • As per revised guidelines of Rajeev Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission (RGNDWM), based on the community participation in operation and maintenance of water supply schemes, three districts namely, Jaipur, Sikar and Alwar of the state have been selected for the sector reform projects. The sanctioned cost of the project is: Jaipur 40 crore, Sikar 21.71 crore and Alwar 40 Crore. Under these projects 10% of the execution cost and 100% of the O and M cost will be borne by the community.
  • Looking to the consecutive drought in the last 3 years, the State Government has taken up a massive programme of Rejuvenation     of traditional of traditional water sources such as wells, baoris, tankas, etc. Which have been abandoned or discarded in the past RGNDWM, Government of India will provide 75% of the amount of the total expenditure. Under this programme, 30646 open wells/baoris were identified upto 19.3.2001 and 16124 works were sanctioned, 4218 works have been completed. Rests are in progress.
  • The department is making special efforts to provide drinking water during summer. Contingency plans are prepared and strict monitoring of emergency works is done so as to make drinking water available to the public in these hard days.
  • The state has invested a total sum of Rs. 4311.25 crore on various water supply schemes from the first five-year plan to December, 2000. The share of urban sector is Rs. 1432.15 crore and rural sector is 2879.10 crore.
  • In the urban sector : 28 urban water supply schemes costing Rs. 70.50 crore have been sanctioned by Government of India Under 10th Finance Commission.
  • The Works on 40 urban water supply schemes is in progress HUDCO has provided a loan of Rs. 218.18 crore for these schemes.
  • A sum of Rs. 27.24 crore has been provided by Government of India under AuWSP for 26 urban towns.
  • LIC has provided financial assistance of Rs. 54.74 crore as loan for 28 urban towns.
  • Jaipur, Bisalpur Water  Supply Project (1st phase) has also been sanctioned which will cost Rs. 1100 crore.
  • Rajveev Gandhi Lift Canal Project (2nd Phase) has also been sanctioned. 729 villages and 3 towns of Jodhpur, Barmer and Jaisalmer districts will be provided drinking water through this project which will cost Rs. 135.05 crore.
  • Efforts are also being made for rainwater harvesting.
3. Water Quality Monitoring and Surveillance.
The Department has already set-up a system of water quality monitoring and surveillance. All the 32 districts of the state have been provided with water testing Laboratories, which include one central laboratory, 9 regional and 22 district level laboratories. One Mobile laboratory is also functioning. All these laboratories are well equipped and have been provided with trained staff. But still the major thrust of WQM&S is limited to the urban areas only. Efforts are in progress to cover the rural areas. A project on '' WQM&S in rural  areas" costing Rs. 61.69 crore has been submitted to Government of India. The project is based on the catchments area approach and WQM&S activities will be carried out at Block Level, Gram-Panchayat and Village Level involving community participation.
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