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EDGAR Online via COMTEX) -- Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following discussion of our financial condition, changes in financial condition and results of operations for the six months ended February 28, 2009 and February 29, 2008 should be read in conjunction with our unaudited interim financial statements and related notes for the six months ended February 28, 2009 and February 29, 2008. The following discussion contains forward-looking statements that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. Our actual results may differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of many factors, including, but not limited to, those set forth below under the heading "Risk Factors".
Name, Incorporation and Principal Offices
We were incorporated as "Shimmer Gold, Inc." on September 7, 2006 under the laws of the State of Nevada.
On the date of our incorporation we appointed Tarik G. Elsaghir as our President, Secretary, Treasurer and a director. On March 9, 2007, Shawn Balaghi was appointed as our sole officer and director upon the resignation of Mr. Elsaghir, and Mr. Balaghi continues to serve as our President, Secretary, Treasurer, Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and as a director.
Our principal offices are located at 1709 Hampton Drive, Coquitlam, British Columbia, Canada, V3E 3C9. Our telephone number is (604) 733-0242 and our facsimile number is (604) 288-7559.
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We are an exploration stage company engaged in the acquisition and exploration of mineral properties. On June 19, 2007, we acquired a 100% undivided interest in certain placer claims, which are located on McLaren Creek in the Atlin Mining Division of British Columbia. These claims are in good standing until January 23, 2010. Exploration work with a minimum value of CDN$165 (or payment of a fee in life thereof) is required before January 23 of each year in order to maintain the claims in good standing for an additional year.


We have obtained a geological report on the property underlying our mineral claim interest that has recommended a two-phase exploration program with estimated costs of CDN$15,470 for phase one (approximately $12,737, based on the foreign exchange rate on April 17, 2009 of $1.00:CDN$1.2146) and CDN$100,855 for phase two (approximately $83,036, based on the foreign exchange rate on April 17, 2009 of $1.00:CDN$1.2146). Given the other expenditures that we expect to incur within the next twelve months, we will require additional funds to enable us to complete phase one of our recommended work program and cover our other anticipated costs. In addition, we will require additional financing in order to complete phase two our recommended work program and any further exploration of the property to determine whether sufficient mineralized material, if any, exists to justify eventual mining and production.
The property underlying our mineral claim interest does not contain any known mineral deposits or reserves of minerals. Accordingly, exploration of the property is required before any determination as to whether any commercially viable mineral deposit may exist. Our plan of operations is to carry out preliminary exploration work on the property in order to ascertain whether advanced exploration is warranted to determine whether the property possesses commercially exploitable mineral deposits. We will not be able to determine whether or not the property contains a commercially exploitable mineral deposit, or reserve, until appropriate exploratory work is done and an economic evaluation based on that work concludes economic viability.
Exploration Stage Company
We are considered an exploration or exploratory stage company because we are involved in the examination and investigation of land that we believe may contain valuable minerals, for the purpose of discovering the presence of ore, if any, and its extent. There is no assurance that a commercially viable mineral deposit exists on the property underlying our mineral claim interest, and a great deal of further exploration will be required before a final evaluation as to the economic and legal feasibility for our future exploration is determined. We have no known reserves of any type of mineral. To date, we have not discovered an economically viable mineral deposit on the property underlying our mineral claim interest, and there is no assurance that we will discover one.
Our Acquisition of the Claims
On June 19, 2007, we entered into a Placer Claims Acquisition Agreement with Jenny Gruber, whereby we acquired a 100% undivided interest in certain placer claims, which are located on McLaren Creek in the Atlin Mining Division of British Columbia, for consideration consisting of $12,000 in cash and 6,000 shares of our common stock at a deemed issuance price of $0.05 per share.
Property Underlying our Claims
We obtained a geological report on the property underlying our mineral claim interest, dated February 2007, which was prepared by Larry W. Carlyle, P. Geo. Due to lack of road maintenance in the winter and snow cover in the area of the property, it was not possible for Mr. Carlyle to visit the property prior to the preparation of the report. As such, the report was prepared from literature research and Mr. Carlyle's familiarity with the area from previous placer exploration done by him near the Nolan Mine on Spruce Creek and on Otter and Pine Creeks.
The following description of the property underlying our mineral claim interest, its history and geology is based on the contents of Mr. Carlyle's report.
Property Description and Location
The property underlying our mineral claim interest is located on McLaren Creek, just above its confluence with the Gladys River in the Atlin Mining District of British Columbia. McLaren Creek is approximately 45 kilometres (36 miles) southeast of Atlin, British Columbia. The property underlying our mineral claim interest covers an area totalling approximately 82.3 hectares. Certain data with respect to our mineral interest claim are as follows:
Claim Name Tenure # Tenure Type Expiry Date % Owned/Owner Area (in hectares) McLaren 550049 Placer January 23, 2010 100.00 /Jenny Gruber 82.343
Access, Climate, Physiography, Local Resources and Infrastructure
As indicated above, the property underlying our mineral claim interest is located on McLaren Creek just above its confluence with the Gladys River in the Atlin Mining District of British Columbia. McLaren Creek is approximately 45 kilometres (36 miles) southeast of Atlin, British Columbia. Atlin, British Columbia has year-round road access to Jakes Corner, Yukon Territory, on the Alaska Highway. Jakes Corner is approximately 50 miles (63 kilometres) south of Whitehorse, the capital of the Yukon Territory. Whitehorse offers air and truck freight services to Vancouver, Edmonton, Calgary and other centers several times weekly. Most Atlin residents visit Whitehorse for shopping, medical, dental and other needs.
McLaren Creek rises in Skeleton Lake and flows approximately 8 kilometres (6.4 miles) eastward to become a left limit tributary of Gladys River. The gradient of McLaren Creek is relatively gentle at about 5 percent. Near the mid-point of the stream the gradient increases until it again flattens as it approaches the confluence with the Gladys River.
Due to the snow and snowfall in the area, surface exploration of the property underlying our mineral claim interest is restricted to the summer months and early fall. As a result, any attempts to test or explore the property are largely limited to the few months out of the year when weather permits such activities.
History and Prior Exploration
Kenneth McLaren and Fritz Miller, 2 gold prospectors from Juneau, Alaska, are credited with the discovery of gold in Atlin. Records indicate that they discovered placer gold at a depth of 1.7 meters in a pit dug on Pine Creek in March 1898 and that they staked discovery claims and recorded them in July of that year. News of the discovery traveled fast, and in a matter of days the rush to acquire ground on Pine Creek was underway. By late September 1898 it is estimated that some 3,000 people had settled in Atlin and that most of the local creeks had been tested and staked. Early records show that 1899 was a banner year with estimates of the local population varying from 10,000 to 25,000. By early 1901, large companies had consolidated many of the individual claims and worked the ground as either hydraulic or high volume steam shovel operations. Production on Pine Creek slumped significantly with the advent of the World War I and never fully recovered. By 1924, the town of Discovery was essentially a ghost town. Since that time and up until the early 1990s, several small companies operated on Pine Creek, either processing old tailings or mining small sections of bench ground that was overlooked in the early days.
Placer mining in the area of the property underlying our mineral claim interest probably extended from near the first discovery of gold in the Atlin area until the 1950s. The owner of the property is said to have worked the claims for 20 years, paid all his bills with gold, and was buried on the creek in the 1950s.
Present Condition and Current State of Exploration
The property underlying our mineral claim interest presently does not have any know mineral deposits. There are no known ore bodies on the property. There are no known drill holes on the property.
Various portions of the Atlin area have been mapped through the years; however, Aitken's Map 1082A (1960) covers the entire area. His map shows an antiform in the Cache Creek Group rocks running in a northeast direction between Mount McMaster and Mount Smallpeice. Skeleton Lake, located approximately on the axis of this antiform, is the source for both McLaren Creek and Nancy Creek. Nancy Creek runs westerly into the O'Donnell River drainage while McLaren Creek runs easterly into the Gladys River drainage.
Two sources for the placer gold in the area have been postulated. The first source suggests that it is from quartz stringers and veins which existed in the Mississippian to Upper Triassic Cache Creek Group rocks which are the most common bedrock in the area. The second was that the gold formed during Cretaceous intrusions such as the Surprise Lake Batholith or the Jurassic Fourth of July Batholith. Mount McMaster, south of Nancy and McLaren Creeks, is formed from the Jurassic intrusive.
Previous writers who evaluated the Atlin area believed the placer gold came from quartz stringers and veins in the Cache Creek rocks. Much of the placer gold is of a large size and has a rough texture, meaning that it has not traveled far from its source bedrock. If the Cache Creek rocks were the gold source, it would have had to be eroded from the source rocks and be deposited almost directly below them. As such, Mr. Carlyle believe that this hypothesis seems unlikely.
Other writers who evaluated Feather Creek, which is located approximately 20 miles (25 kilometres) northwest of the property underlying our mineral claim interest, found that mineral matter attached to the gold grains is mainly tin oxide with one grain containing significant thorium. Dominant clast types within the Feather Creek placer gravels are: black chert, which constitutes at least half of the clasts; grey, tan or red chert; and wacke. Some samples contain significant proportions of quartz or granitoid clasts. Ultramafite or listwanite clasts were not identified in any sample. Based on these findings, such writers concluded that combined with the identification of cassiterite in six of six gold nuggets analyzed, an argument can be made for linkage with the evolved, tin-rich Surprise Lake, with significant implications for lode gold exploration in the region.
Glaciation is known to have occurred several times in the Atlin area; however, the timing and direction of movement have been uncertain. Due to this glaciation, most of the area mountains are rounded and generally have elevations of less than 1900 metres. Previous writers who have evaluated the area have postulated that the centre of this ice mass was located in the region currently occupied by the Llewellyn glacier. This ice sheet expanded with lobes from it moving north and eastwards into the Atlin area. This movement of ice toward the north-northwest is similar to the movement of the glacial episodes recognized in the Teslin, Yukon area approximately 100 kilometres (62 miles) to the northeast. The Teslin area has undergone three major continental episodes of glaciation:
Previous writers who have evaluated the area report seeing auriferous red-yellow gravels exposed in the banks of McLaren Creek during work there in 1982, which suggests that they were formed during the long erosional period after the Reid glaciation and before McConnell glaciation.
There are no known ore bodies on the property. However, previous writers who have evaluated the area found that that placer gold is present in gravels having a well defined red or yellow color often referred to as "Tertiary" gravels, which indicate the presence of gold; tungsten, tin and platinum group minerals. Such writers have also indicated that in the lower section of McLaren Creek, Tertiary auriferous gravels outcrop in the river banks, and that panning together with historical evidence indicate that these deposits are gold rich as are similar Tertiary deposits in the Atlin area.
Our Planned Exploration Program
Based on prior reports regarding the Atlin area and his familiarity with the area, Mr. Carlyle has recommended a two-phased exploration program, as described below:
Phase 1
A program of prospecting, hand dug test pits and test mining, and a preliminary magnetometer survey is recommended. A preliminary ground magnetometer survey to follow-up on any outcrops located may increase the known extent of the auriferous gravels and improve the potential for establishing a placer operation on the site.
Phase 2
1. Once the auriferous gravels have been located and the amount of gold they hold has been confirmed, a mechanized test mining program can be established. During this phase, approximately one metre (3.3 ft.) of fractured bedrock below the auriferous gravels should be excavated to ensure recovery of gold which has worked its way into the bedrock.
2. A preliminary ground magnetometer was recommended as part of Phase 1 because the 1982 electrical resistivity survey done by prior evaluators of the area is relatively old technology. The strong association of magnetite with the gold in the auriferous channel gravels of the Atlin area and the relatively shallow overburden should make the use of modern magnetometer instruments very efficient. Magnetometer surveying should delineate auriferous gravels prior to mining.
Seismic surveying would clearly define the irregularities in the McLaren Creek bedrock discovered by the electrical resistivity survey, and would clearly define the old stream channel at bedrock. Seismic surveying is one of the most expensive exploration techniques because of the expensive equipment and highly trained personnel required. At well over CDN$10,000 (approximately $8,233, based on the foreign exchange rate on April 17, 2009 of $1.00:CDN$1.2146) for a small program at McLaren Creek, it should be considered as an alternative technique if magnetometer surveying is unsuccessful.
3. The auriferous gravels in the Atlin area contain a considerable amount of clay, which must be removed to improve gold recovery. Incorporating a trommel as part of the processing plant would achieve improved recovery.

The estimated cost of CDN$15,470 for phase one is equal to approximately $12,737, based on the foreign exchange rate on April 17, 2009 of $1.00:CDN$1.2146. The estimated cost of CDN$100,855 for phase two is equal to approximately $83,036, based on the foreign exchange rate on April 17, 2009 of $1.00:CDN$1.2146.
Western Canada is experiencing a shortage of trained personnel and suitable heavy equipment for mining purposes. This has resulted in a large increase in personnel wages and equipment rental costs. With the long history of placer mining in Atlin, it is expected that most of the equipment and personnel needed for the tests can be found locally. Whitehorse would be able to supply whatever shortages may occur.
In Phase 2, the personnel are listed for ten days of employment for a seven day testing program because it is expected that mobilization, set up, and demobilization will require approximately three days.
Miscellaneous equipment and tools would include items like welding equipment, tanks, barrels, cables, chains, shovels, axes, hammers, wrenches and drills.
A contingency factor of 15% has been chosen to provide more flexibility in dealing with variations in personnel, equipment and petroleum product costs. The Federal Goods and Service Tax and the B.C. Provincial Sales Tax would form part of the contingency factor.
Compliance with Government Regulation
We will be required to comply with all regulations, rules and directives of governmental authorities and agencies applicable to the exploration of minerals in the Province of British Columbia. The main agency that governs the exploration of minerals in the Province of British Columbia, Canada, is the Ministry of Energy and Mines.
The Ministry of Energy and Mines manages the development of British Columbia's mineral resources, and implements policies and programs respecting their development while protecting the environment. In addition, the Ministry regulates and inspects the exploration and mineral production industries in British Columbia to protect workers, the public and the environment.
The material legislation applicable to us is the Mineral Tenure Act R.S.B.C. 1996 Chapter 292, as amended, and administered by the Mineral Titles Branch of the Ministry of Energy and Mines, and the Mines Act, RSBC 1996 Chapter 293, as amended, as well as the Health, Safety and Reclamation Code, 2003, as amended .
The Mineral Tenure Act and its regulations govern the procedures involved in the location, recording and maintenance of mineral titles in British Columbia. The Mineral Tenure Act also governs the issuance of leases which are long term entitlements to minerals, designed as production tenures. The Mineral Tenure Act does not apply to minerals held by crown grant or by freehold tenure.
All mineral exploration activities carried out on the property underlying our mineral claim interest must be in compliance with the Mines Act. The Mines Act applies to all mines during exploration, development, construction, production, closure, reclamation and abandonment. It outlines the powers of the Chief Inspector of Mines, to inspect mines, the procedures for obtaining permits to commence work in, on or about a mine and other procedures to be observed at a mine. Additionally, the provisions of the Health, Safety and Reclamation Code for mines in British Columbia contain standards for employment, occupational health and safety, accident investigation, work place conditions, protective equipment, training programs, and site supervision.
Additional approvals and authorizations may be required from other government agencies, depending upon the nature and scope of the proposed exploration program. If the exploration activities require the falling of timber, then either a free use permit or a license to cut must be issued by the Ministry of Forests. Items such as waste approvals may be required from the Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks if the proposed exploration activities are significantly large enough to warrant them. Waste approvals refer to the disposal of rock materials removed from the earth which must be reclaimed. An environmental impact statement may be required.
British Columbia law requires that a holder of title to the claims must spend at least CDN$2 per hectare per year in order to keep the property in good standing. Thus, the annual cost of compliance with the Mineral Tenure Act with respect of the claims is presently approximately CDN$165 per year (approximately $136, based on the foreign exchange rate on April 17, 2009 of $1.00:CDN$1.2146). The claims are in good standing with the Province of British Columbia until January 23, 2010, therefore exploration work with a minimum value of CDN$165 for the property is required before January 23, 2010. If we do not complete this minimum amount of exploration work by this time, we will (on behalf of the claim owner) be required to pay a fee in lieu of exploration work in the amount of CDN$165 to the Province of British Columbia.
We will also have to sustain the cost of reclamation and environmental remediation for all exploration work undertaken. Both reclamation and environmental remediation refer to putting disturbed ground back as close to its original state as possible. Other potential pollution or damage must be cleaned-up and renewed along standard guidelines outlined in the usual permits. Reclamation is the process of bringing the land back to its natural state after completion of exploration activities. Environmental remediation refers to the physical activity of taking steps to remediate, or remedy, any environmental damage caused. The amount of these costs is not known at this time as we do not know the extent of the exploration program that will be undertaken beyond completion of the recommended work program. Because there is presently no information on the size, tenor, or quality of any resource or reserve at this time, it is impossible to assess the impact of any capital expenditures on earnings, our competitive position or on us in the event a potentially economic deposit is discovered.
Prior to undertaking mineral exploration activities, we must make application under the Mines Act for a permit, if we anticipate disturbing land. A permit is issued within 45 days of a complete and satisfactory application. We do not anticipate any difficulties in obtaining a permit, if needed. The initial exploration activities on the property underlying our mineral claim interest are not expected to involve ground disturbance and as a result do not require a work permit. Any follow-up trenching and/or drilling will require permits, applications for which will be submitted well in advance of the planned work.
If we enter the production phase, the cost of complying with permit and regulatory environment laws will be greater because the impact on the project area is greater. Permits and regulations will control all aspects of the production program if the project continues to that stage. Examples of regulatory requirements include:
water discharge will have to meet drinking water standards;
dust generation will have to be minimal or otherwise re-mediated;
dumping of material on the surface will have to be re-contoured and re-vegetated with natural vegetation;
an assessment of all material to be left on the surface will need to be environmentally benign;
ground water will have to be monitored for any potential contaminants;
the socio-economic impact of the project will have to be evaluated and if deemed negative, will have to be re-mediated; and
there will have to be an impact report of the work on the local fauna and flora including a study of potentially endangered species.
We are a junior mineral resource exploration company. We compete with other mineral resource exploration companies for financing and for the acquisition of new mineral properties. Many of the mineral resource exploration companies with whom we compete have greater financial and technical resources than those available to us. Accordingly, these competitors may be able to spend greater amounts on acquisitions of mineral properties of merit, on exploration of their mineral properties and on development of their mineral properties. In addition, they may be able to afford more geological expertise in the targeting and exploration of mineral properties. This competition could result in competitors having mineral properties of greater quality and interest to prospective investors who may finance additional exploration and development. This competition could adversely impact on our ability to achieve the financing necessary for us to conduct further exploration of our mineral properties.
We will also compete with other junior mineral exploration companies for financing from a limited number of investors that are prepared to make investments in junior mineral exploration companies. The presence of competing junior mineral exploration companies may impact on our ability to raise additional capital in order to fund our exploration programs if investors are of the view that investments in competitors are more attractive based on the merit of the mineral properties under investigation and the price of the investment offered to investors.
We will also be compete with other junior and senior mineral companies for available resources, including, but not limited to, professional geologists, camp staff, helicopter or float planes, mineral exploration supplies and drill rigs.
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